A stroke occurs when there is a disruption of blood supply to part of the brain. This can occur via a blockage (ischaemic stroke) or a bleed (haemorrhagic stroke). Damage to the brain can affect your movement, sensation, cognition, swallow and speech as well as other body functions. Rehabilitation following a stroke can be a long process, with the aim to 're-train' your brain and increase activity.
Weakness through one side of your body following a stroke can significantly affect your ability to move and walk. Breaking down elements of lost movement in therapy can help in recovery and build towards greater independence. Upper limb weakness can be a common presentation following a stroke and will require therapy to work on repetition of movement with correct technique helping the ability to reach, grasp and release objects.
Physiotherapy intervention may take the form of various types of treatment including gait re-education (learning to walk again), strengthening and conditioning, hydrotherapy (water based exercise), functional electrical stimulation (FES) and use a host of different types of equipment to help achieve the best results.
Improving independence is the ultimate focus in many treatment programs. What this means for different people varies considerably and having a Physiotherapist helps to ensure good foundations are laid for the journey ahead.